Artificial intelligence (AI)

A field partially born out of the British need to decipher the German cryptography in their Enigma machine during World War II.

Alan Turing’s theory/paper On Computable Numbers from 1936 Was suddenly of great interest to the British government.

The paper contained the description of what Turing called a universal machine, later known as a Turing machine. A machine that can imitate other machines, ‘if you can describe similarly codable instructions’ for it.

Not a direct quote. Source p. 56–7 Tools for Thought by Howard Rheingold